Revere and greet your elders; console the poor and the afflicted with good works and words. . . . Follow not the madmen who honor neither father nor mother; for they are like animals, for they neither take nor hear advice. . . . Do not mock the old, the sick, the maimed, or one who has sinned. Do not insult or abhor them, but abase yourself before God and fear lest the same befall you. . . . Do not set a bad example, or speak indiscreetly, or interrupt the speech of another. If someone does not speak well or coherently, see that you do not the same; if it is not your business to speak, be silent. If you are asked something, reply soberly and without affectation or flattery or prejudice to others, and your speech will be well regarded. . . . Wherever you go, walk with a peaceful air, and do not make wry faces or improper gestures. (Zorita)
The same emphasis on moderation, responsibility, and selfrestraint is found in the Precepts of the Elders, a class of literature written in a high-flown and wordy style to instruct young people in behavior and manners. Here is one Aztec father talking to his son:
A well-bred Aztec was, however, expected to exercise selfcontrol and to behave with dignity. Sahagun has left a word-portrait of the perfect nobleman, a person who is serious and modest, who 'wishes no praise', who is 'solicitous of others', chaste and devout, eloquent but discreet in his conversation, diligent, wise, polite, 'a follower in the ways of his parents', and an example to other people. This, of course, is an idealized picture, and the high standard of behavior may have been more often sought after than achieved.
The likely answer is the “vile hypocrisy” of the Europeans. Remembering that the Spanish monarchy considered itself to be model and devote Christians. It wouldn’t “do” for them to murder and enslave ordinary Humans, so a way would have to be found to de-humanize them. To make them so ferocious and depraved as to justify the atrocities that were to be done to them, (they had already done the same thing to the Caribe Indians with their allegations of cannibalization). It is therefore quite plausible that the Spanish forced or coerced the Aztec into making bogus artifacts depicting atrocities to others, as a way of justifying what was to happen to them.
Ancient Greek agriculture was the very necessity of the empire.
All of the Aztec codices and stele depicting Human sacrifice that we see today - were made after the Aztec had been conquered!!! Even at the Cenotes of sacrifice at Chichen itza, where there are so many stories of people being thrown in as sacrifices to the gods. Modern day dredging has recovered many items of gold and jade as well as pottery – “But” no Human remains. The explanation for this is that the Spanish destroyed all of the original Aztec Books and stele. Which seems pretty strange, when you consider that the Spanish were very keen to study the Aztec. Why then too, allow such a great abundance of it to be re-created after the fact. If it wasn’t right for them to exist before, why was it right afterward?
Inca Empires in Mesoamerica and the Andean Regions
Their systems of religion and technological innovation helped not only to leave a permanent impression on the world, but also served to mold both the civilizations that directly followed it as well as society today....
The Incas, Aztecs, and Mayas were just three of these civilizations.
He also asked whether incorporation was a single event or a series of events for the different regions of the Empire--Rumelia, Anatolia, Syria, and Egypt.